International Humanitarian Law: Overview

International humanitarian law aims to limit the humanitarian effects of war. It defines the rules and permitted behaviour applicable with regards to the protection of unarmed civilians, prisoners, the sick and the injured in times of war. This law also know as Geneva law is primarily contained in the four Geneva Conventions and their Additional Protocols drafted since 1949. The Conventions create a positive obligation on states not only to respect the law but to ensure respect for it, an omission to act is not acceptable. Those who are responsible for grave breaches of the Geneva Conventions, such as torture or willful killing, will be sought and tried.

This section is divided into the following sub-categories:

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