Human Rights Council - Formation
The Commission on Human Rights was replaced by the Human Rights Council by decision of ECOSOC on March 15, 2006. The Human Rights Council constitutes the main UN organ in the realm of human rights.
The Commission on Human Rights had lost its credibility. Furthermore, Kofi Annan, the Secretary General at the time, wanted to strengthen human rights, also institutionally, in the wake of his general UN-reform attempts.
A slightly modified version of Kofi Annan's reform suggestions were put into writing with General Assembly Resolution 60/251. 170 UN member states voted in favour of the new council, three countries abstained from voting and four countries - among them the USA - voted against it.
The Human Rights Council took up work on June 19, 2006.
- Resolution 60/251
UN General Assembly Resolution 60/251 of 15 March, 2006 (pdf, 4 p.)