Council of Europe – Human Rights Treaties

The Council of Europe was founded on 5 May 1949 by ten countries by the signature of the Statute of the Council of Europe. The Council seeks to develop common and democratic principles throughout Europe based on the protection of individual rights.

All treaties of the Council of Europe are prepared and negotiated within its institutional framework. Negotiations lead to a decision of the Committee of Ministers to adopt the final text of the proposed treaty. The treaty is then opened for signature by member States of the Council. The treaties owe their legal existence to the consent of those member States that sign and ratify them, they are not statutory acts of the Council of Europe.

The following Conventions and Treaties are the most important human rights instruments within the Council of Europe’s remit:

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