Update: 04.07.2019

Protocol to the Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms

Text: German / English / French

Protocol No.1 to the ECHR dates from 20 March 1952 and defines the protection of property, the right to education and the right to free elections. It entered into force in 1954 and has been signed by all CoE member states. Except for Switzerland and Monaco, all countries have also ratified Protocol No.1 (as at 4 July 2019; current count).

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