Update: 04.07.2019

Protocol No. 4 to the ECHR

Text: German / English / French

Protocol No. 4  the ECHR dates from 16 September 1963 and supplements the ECHR’s material guarantees by the ban on deprivation of liberty for non-fulfilment of contractual obligations, the right to liberty of movement and freedom to choose one's residence, prohibition of a state's expulsion of a nationa, and prohibition of collective expulsion of aliens. This additional protocol entered into force on 2 May 1968 and has so far been ratified by 43 states. Greece, Turkey, the United Kingdom and Switzerland have not yet ratified it. Switzerland and Greece have not even signed it (as at 4 July 2019; current count).

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