International Criminal Court (ICC)
The International Criminal Court was established to help end impunity for the perpetrators of the most serious crimes concerning the international community. After the end of the Cold War, tribunals like the International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia and for Rwanda were set up upon the consensus that impunity was unacceptable. However these courts' jurisdiction was confined to crimes from specific regions and subsequently the International Criminal Court was established following the need for a permanent court.
The Court is entirely independent and not part of the United Nations.
On 17 July 1998, 121 States adopted the Rome Statute, the legal basis for establishing the permanent International Criminal Court. The Rome Statute entered into force on 1 July 2002 following ratification by 60 states.
- International Criminal Court
- Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court (pdf, 88 p.)
- State Parties to the Statue of Rome
- Coalition for the International Criminal Court
This is the coalition of 2,500 civil society organisations.
- TRIAL: Track Impunity Always
Swiss-based NGO against impunity
- Global Issues
- Global Policy Forum