International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (ICCPR)
Of 16 December 1966 (Entry into Force: 23 March 1976)
Text of Treaty
172 contracting states (as of 2 May 2019; current count)
The rights guaranteed by the ICCPR include classic civil rights and liberties and minority rights.
- Content of the ICCPR
Information site on humanrights.ch
Obligations of Contracting States
The contracting states of the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights are obliged to respect and guarantee the listed rights of all persons living in their political authority without discrimination. The contracting states must also create effective domestic legal protection possibilities.
The compliance of states with the Covenant is monitored through a reporting system: In periodic intervals the contracting states must report to the Human Rights Committee about the progress of implementing measures aimed at realising the guaranteed rights named in the covenant. The Covenant provides for an optional Inter-State Complaint Process in which contracting states can recognize the authorisation of the Human Rights Committee to accept Inter-States Complaints.
Every contracting state must periodically report to the Committee about implemented measures, progress and difficulties (Article 40). The first report is due one year after the entry into force of the Covenant, and further reports are due as requested by the Committee, generally the four years following its entry into force. The states have the right to comment on the comments of the Committee.
As early as 1981, the Human Rights Committee began working out General Comments based on the reports of the states. These are then considered when interpreting the rights of the Covenant.
- General Comments of the CCPR
Official Webpage of the Human Rights Treaty Bodies
First Optional Protocol: Individual Complaint Process
Currently, 116 contracting states have ratified the Optional Protocol to the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights of 1966 (as of 2 May 2019; current count). Any person living in their political authority has the right to submit an individual complaint to the Human Rights Committee (CCPR) based on a violation of a right listed in the covenant.
Second Optional Protocol: Abolishment of the Death Penalty
81 contracting states have ratified the Second Optional Protocol to the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights of 1989 (as at 20 May 2014; current count). They are obliged to abolish the death penalty.Tweet