UN ‘blacklists’: erosion of fundamental rights
A Swiss official criticised once again the United Nations Security Council for blacklisting individuals or entities suspected of having links to terrorism. The list names 362 individuals and 125 companies or organisations (May 2007) that have their assets frozen and are banned from travelling. Dick Marty, the Swiss investigator, spoke of this list on 25 April 2007 at a conference on terrorism organised by the Council of Europe.
In 2007 before the Council of Europe
According to Marty, who was appointed by the Council of Europe in November 2005 to investigate claims that the CIA had set up secret prisons in Eastern Europe, the Security Council flouts its own principles and the blacklisting discredits the international fight against terror. The Council of Europe Parliamentary Assembly reported that Marty described the UN's current blacklisting procedure as a "flagrant injustice" and a "dangerous ongoing erosion of fundamental rights and freedoms, even within the instances mandated to protect and promote them". Marty pointed out that three permanent members of the Security Council – France, Russia and Britain – were members of the Council of Europe and were therefore bound by the European Convention on Human Rights, which guarantees the right to a fair trial, including the right to be heard.
- UN Security Council black lists: Introductory Memorandum (pdf, 32 p.)
Committee on Legal Affairs and Human Rights, Parlementary Assembly of the Council of Europe
Report by Dick Marty, document AS/Jur (2007) 14*, 19 March, 2007
- Marty slams "injustice" of UN blacklists
Swissinfo, 25 April, 2007
In 2006 before the Security Council
The Representative of the Permanent Mission of Switzerland to the United Nations in New York, Peter Maurer, presented on 30 May 2006 a declaration on behalf of Germany, Sweden and Switzerland to the Security Council. He observed that certain procedures linked sanctions committee, particularly the Comittee 1267, may infringe upon basic principles of human rights. Recommendations addressed by the ambassador included refining the listing criteria in adding new names to the lists, notifying targets, introducing a periodic review of listings and developing recourse mechanisms. The ambassador Maurer had already voiced some of these criticisms in July 2005.
- Threats to international peace and security caused by terrorist acts (pdf, 5 pages)
Swiss statement to the UN Security Council, on behalf of Germany, Sweden and Switzerland, 30 May 2006
- Resolution 1267 also known as "the Al-Qaida and Taliban Sanctions Committee"
Security Council Committee
- The ‘black list’ on the website of the Swiss Federal Department of Economic Affairs, Education and Research (in French)
- "Does one have to fight tyranny with the instruments of the tyrants?"
Article by Dick Marty, Global Research, 18 May 2007