Update: 05.05.2014

International feedback concerning equality of women in the labour market and education

In the following we have chosen some citations on the subject. At the end of each original citation you can find the source with a link to the complete text of the citation.

Universal Periodic Review (UPR)

Take measures against inequalities in the labour market: reduce income inequality and reinforce women's representation in leadership and decision-making positions

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«Take measures to increase the representation of women, including through temporary special measures (Norway); Adopt temporary special measures to increase the participation of women in all fields (Jordan);»

Committee on the Elimination of Discrimination against Women CEDAW

«The Committee urges the State party to intensify its efforts to ensure equal opportunities for women and men in the labour market, including through the use of temporary special measures, with time-bound targets, in accordance with article 4, paragraph 1, of the Convention and its general recommendation 25. The Committee recommends that the State party continue to take proactive and concrete measures to eliminate occupational segregation both horizontal and vertical, through, inter alia, education, training and retraining and effective enforcement mechanisms. It also recommends that job evaluation systems based on gender-sensitive criteria continue to be developed with the aim of narrowing and closing the gender pay gap. Furthermore, the Committee urges the State party to create more opportunities for women to access full-time employment. The Committee recommends that the State party continue its efforts to allow women and men to reconcile family and professional responsibilities and for the promotion of equal sharing of domestic and family tasks between men and women by providing, inter alia, more childcare facilities and paid paternity leave. The Committee also encourages the State party to undertake the planned reform of the current federal taxation system in a timely manner, with a view to eliminating the burden on married couples with two incomes, and to report on progress achieved or, if relevant, on outcome in its next periodic report.»

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«The Committee urges the State party to ensure de facto equal opportunities for women and men in the labour market through, inter alia, theuse of temporary special measures in accordance with article 4, paragraph 1, ofthe Convention. The Committee recommends that efforts be made to eliminate
occupational segregation, both horizontal and vertical, through, inter alia, education, training and retraining, and effective enforcement mechanisms. Italso recommends that job evaluation systems based on gender-sensitive criteriabe developed with the aim of closing the existing wage gap between women and men. The Committee recommends that measures allowing for the reconciliationof family and professional responsibilities be adopted and implemented andthat equal sharing of domestic and family tasks between women and men be promoted.»

Committee on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights CESCR

«The Committee recommends that the State party intensify its efforts to guarantee men and women equal access to employment and equal wages for work ofequal value.» 

Human Rights Committee CCPR

«The Committee recommends that measures should be taken by the authorities to combat discrimination against women in practice. In this connection, the Committee emphasizes the importance of educational campaigns to develop awareness of the problem of discrimination and recommends that all possible measures be taken, in particular at the social infrastructure level, to make it easier for women who wish to work outside the home to do so. The Committee also recommends that the authorities make greater efforts strictly to implement the constitutional and legislative provisions relating to equal pay for men and women for work of equal value, particularly in the private sector.»

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